|Black Carpenter Ant
||(Length: 1/4" – 1/2")
Although the same size as Florida carpenter ants, these ants are completely black
instead of two-toned. Unlike the Florida species, the black carpenter ant
does more damage to sound, undamaged wood. They don’t eat wood, but
they hollow out "galleries" in wood for nesting that are so smooth
they appear to be finished by sandpaper. They normally nest in dead portions
of trees, stumps or logs and invade homes in search of food. They feed on
living or dead insects and nearly all sweets, or meats inside and outside
of the home.
||(Length: 1/20" – 1/14")
These tiny two-toned ants are most common in southern Florida. Their head and
thorax are black and the rest of their body is a pale grey color. They have
a tendency of suddenly appearing and disappearing. They are very fast and
will scatter erratically when disturbed. They do not sting and are highly
attracted to sweets. Because they are so small they often enter through the
tiniest of gaps the size of the tip of a pin. They seek water in kitchens
and bathrooms and can nest virtually anywhere inside a home. Outside they
can be found nesting in potted plants, under stones, under and inside logs
and firewood, and in cavities and crevices in trees and shrubs.
||(Length: 1/11" -1/10")
These medium size ants are uniformly brown and trail in large numbers. They compete
aggressively with other ant species for food and nesting sites and can drive
most other ant species out of their territory. Their nests have large numbers
of individuals and a high percentage of queens. Because of their aggressive
nature, these ants will develop into super-colonies in many urban situations
with the colony spread across large areas. It is not uncommon to find Argentine
ants spread across entire neighborhoods. Their nests are often under heavy
leaf litter, under wood on the ground, at the base of trees and in planters
and mulch. They prefer the outdoors, but will enter houses looking for food,
water and warmth. They particularly like sweet foods.
||(Length: 1/10" – 1/8")
Introduced from Asia, this medium black to brownish-black ant species is quickly
becoming one of the most persistent and invasive ant species in Florida.
Its name comes from the fact that it’s feet are a yellowish-white color.
This pest has huge colonies with nests scattered throughout the home and
yard, and are extremely difficult to get rid of. They are often found foraging
in trails along branches and trunks of trees and shrubs. They are strongly
attracted to sweet foods and also eat dead insects and other types of protein.
||(Length: 1/12" - 1/8")
Ranging from red-brown to grayish to black, this small ant gets it name from
its characteristic erratic and rapid movement in their search for food. They
will feed on any household foods. The crazy ant is highly adaptable and can
live in both very dry and moist habitats. They typically nest outdoors in
the soil and in the cavities of trees and shrubs, but frequently enter homes
in the fall or after a rain where they will nest in wall and floor voids
especially near hot water pipes and heaters.
|Florida Carpenter Ant
||(Length: 1/4"- 1/2")
These large ants usually nest outdoors in stumps and logs in contact with the
soil and in dead tree limbs and cavities. The Florida Carpenter Ant has a
black abdomen and red head and thorax. They also can nest in homes in wood
damaged by termites, fungi and moisture. They forage widely for food crumbs
and insects as well as honeydew produced by sap-sucking insects which attack
landscape plants. Although they don’t eat wood, the galleries they
excavate can be quite extensive.
||(Length: 1/12" – 1/16")
These small red to yellowish ants can be found trailing anywhere within a structure.
They can nest in wall voids, cabinets, boxes of food and any other accessible
crevices and spaces. They are known to invade sick rooms and feed on blood
plasma and wound dressings. Their colonies have multiple queens and can split
into small groups, spreading very rapidly. In sub-tropical areas pharaoh
ants readily nest outside in leaf debris found on or near structures. Re-invasion
of the structure can occur throughout warm parts of the year.
|Red Imported Fire Ant
(Length: 1/8" – 1/4")
Usually a reddish brown color, fire ants live in colonies of up to 200,000
individuals. Their mounds can be two feet high and three feet across
with as many as 50 colonies per acre. The Red Imported Fire Ant causes
damage difficult to measure in dollars. It’s painful, burning
sting results in pustules that take up to 10 days to heal. Some people
are extremely allergic to the sting, needing fast medical attention
to deal with the toxin.
||(Length: 1/2" – 5/8")
This roach, with two dark vertical stripes behind the head, is found throughout
the world, thriving wherever man lives, eating the same foods, sharing the
same habitats. It is commonly found in restaurants, kitchens and stores where
food, moisture and harborage are abundant. Populations build rapidly from
egg capsules being produced about every 20-25 days. Each capsule contains
about 35 eggs, the young maturing in about 100 days. German roaches contaminate
food, leave stains, create foul odors and carry disease organisms. They hide
during the day, closely packed in small cracks and crevices near food and
|Brown Banded Cockroach
||(Length: 1/2"- 5/8")
The Brown Banded Cockroach is easily recognized by alternating light and dark
bands across its back. About the same size as the German roach, but not as
dependent on moisture, it can be found anywhere in the structure. The Brown
Banded roach doesn’t multiply as fast as the German, but is considered
harder to control because they tend to be scattered all over the structure.
It shows a preference for warmer areas over 80 degrees. Often found high
on walls, in picture frames, behind molding, near appliance motors, in light
switches, closets and furniture.
||(Length: 1 3/8" – 2 1/8")
One of the groups commonly referred to as "Palmetto Bugs", the American
Cockroach is the largest of the roaches infesting homes. It has reddish brown
wings and is a good flyer. American Cockroaches often invade from sewer systems
and heavily mulched areas. The female attaches the egg capsule, containing 15-18
eggs, in high areas in garages, closets, utility rooms and fireplaces. Found
nearly anywhere in the house, American Cockroaches contaminate food, carry disease,
damage book bindings, fabrics and wallpaper.
||(Length: 1 1/4" – 1 1/2")
This is a large reddish brown to dark brown roach with yellow bars on the front
edge of its forewing. They are good flyers, entering homes through windows,
doors, soffits and gables, especially where moisture problems exist. They
breed and live in moist decaying vegetation outdoors. They are another of
the roaches referred to as "Palmetto Bugs".
||(Length: 1" – 1 1/4")
The Smokybrown Cockroach is uniform in color, typically brownish black and very
shiny. They are good flyers and are attracted to lights at night. Found in
warm, dark, moist areas such as tree holes, ivies, mulch, woodpiles and soffits/eaves
of attics with moisture problems, they are very mobile. The Smokybrown Cockroach
has the reputation of being the most difficult to control because it is so
active and has many habitat preferences. Very thorough methods and persistence
are required for effective control. They are most common in North Florida
|Florida Woods Cockroach
(Length: 1 1/2" – 1
This wingless roach is often called the "Stinking Cockroach" because
of the foul smelling fluid it produces to protect it from predators. It is dark
reddish brown to black, and commonly found in leaf mulch, wood piles and under
rotting logs. Houses with wood shingles and shade trees will support large populations
of this species, also often called a Palmetto Bug.
Brown Recluse Spider
||(Length: 1/4" – 1/2")
The brown recluse is a brownish spider with a distinctive violin-shaped mark
behind its eyes, which has earned it the name "fiddle-backed" spider.
It is found in undisturbed areas such as sheds, garages and dark closets.
Garments left hanging for some time are favorite spots. Their bite causes
a severe systemic reaction and an ulcerous sore with requires extensive medical
(Length: 1 1/2" long)
The Southern Black Widow is glossy black with a red hourglass marking on
the underside of its abdomen. The female is much larger and more distinctly
marked than the male. It makes a strong, sticky irregular web in protected
areas where prey is likely to wander in and be trapped. Foundations,
vents, shrubs and wood piles at ground level are common habitats. Their
poisonous venom can cause concern for small children and older or infirm
persons. Medical attention should be sought if bitten.
(Length: 1/3" – 1/2")
These slender, wingless insects are common in homes. The are shiny and silver
or pearl-gray in color with three long tail-like appendages and two long
antennae. They may cause damage by eating foods, cloth or other items high
in protein, sugar or starch. They eat cereals, moist wheat flour, paper on
which there is glue or paste, book bindings, wallpaper, starch in clothes
and linens. They will breed in bookcases, storage boxes and linen closets.
They thrive in moist hot areas from the attic to the crawl space.
||(Length: up to 1/2")
These are small yellowish or brownish moths. Larvae spin a silken tube or case
which they drag around themselves to protect them from the environment and
their natural enemies. Eggs are laid on products the larva will consume such
as: wool, feathers, fur, hair, animal and fish meals and milk powders. Adults
do not feed on fabrics. Only the larvae damage household goods. They are
not attracted to light, preferring dark, protected areas. Cedar closets will
not prevent them from entering.
||(Length: 1/32" – 1/16")
Fleas are small, hard-bodied, wingless insects with a flattened body and legs
adapted for jumping on to a host. The cat flea, most commonly encountered
in Florida, seeds mammals for the blood meal needed to sustain them. They
can be a direct health hazard, transmitting disease and tapeworm. Humans
are often attacked when other food sources aren’t available. Their
bite leaves a red, itchy spot on the skin. Their saliva is irritating to
the host, causing dermatitis and hair loss in allergic animals.
||(Length: 1/16" – 1/2")
The tick is an eight-legged relative of the spider. It must feed three times
before hiding and producing up to 3000 eggs in a crack or crevice. The tick
can live without food for up to 200 days, waiting for a host, usually a dog,
to supply a blood meal. Many serious diseases can be transmitted through
ticks: Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever, Typhus, Lyme Disease, Relapsing Tick
Fever and other disorders.